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For over 200 years humans have been burning fossil fuels like:

What happens when you burn fossil fuels?

Burning fossil fuels produces gases that that go into the atmosphere and are sometimes called Greenhouse gases. These gases include:

What is the Greenhouse Effect?

These gases trap energy from the sun, making the Earth’s temperature rise. They let out this trapped energy back into space later on.

Why is it called the Greenhouse Effect?

Greenhouses are made of glass and are used to grow plants. They trap heat from the sun and keep the inside of the greenhouse warm – this is very useful during winter.

What would happen if the Greenhouse Effect did not exist?

The Earth would be 33oC cooler than it is and plants and animals would not be able to live on Earth.

How do these Greenhouse gases increase in the atmosphere?

How are humans increasing the amount of Greenhouse gases?

We are making more carbon dioxide by:

We are making more methane because of agriculture by:

We are making more Nitrogen Oxides by:

Can too much heating be bad?

Yes. The Earth can become too hot and make it hard for plants, animals and us to cope with. This is called global warming.

How can Global Warming harm the Earth?

Even a small change in the Earth’s temperature can cause many changes in the Earth’s weather patterns such:

What can you do to help prevent global warming?


If we all save energy, we can make sure that Earth does not get too hot for us to live in!